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White Papers

Bifidobacterium breve Bif195

Probiotic protects against small intestinal damage in healthy volunteers

Enteropathy and small-intestinal ulcers are common side effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). Safe, cytoprotective strategies are needed to reduce this risk. Specific...

Elderly

Gut microbiota composition correlates with diet and health in the elderly

Here we show that the faecal microbiota composition from 178 elderly subjects formed groups, correlating with residence location in the community, day-hospital, rehabilitation or in long-term residential care.

Constipation

Constipation: a technical overview of symptoms

It is estimated that only approximately one third of constipated patients will seek medical attention but the majority will use over-the-counter medications or supplements, such as laxatives, probiotics, fibre or...

Sport

Food Health Claims

Physical activity, athletic performance, and recovery following exercise can all be enhanced by optimal nutrition, using an appropriate selection of foods, fluids and supplement choices for optimal health and...

Stress

Food interventions for stress and cognitive performance

In this white paper we provide a brief literature review on the biological stress response and the impact of stress on cognitive performance, an outline of the standard means of measuring stress and cognitive...

Wellbeing

Probiotics for mental health and wellbeing

The concept of a microbiome-brain-gut axis is emerging which suggests that modulation of the gut microflora may be a tractable strategy for developing novel therapeutics for complex mental health disorders, where...

probiotics

Probiotics in Transition

Because the microbiota represents a health asset, with some microbial constituents becoming a liability in susceptible hosts, the rationale for probiotics is to enhance microbial assets and to offset liabilities.

Placebo

The Placebo Effect: is achieving trial success all in our minds?

The placebo response, and other closely related phenomena, have been a constant source of fascination since they were first described and although precise, well demarcated definitions of the effects may not exist (1-...

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